Community Research and Development (CORD) is a voluntary organization, which is registered in Tanzania under the societies ordinance of 1954, with the certificate of registration no. 9398. CORDS is also incorporated under the Trustees Incorporation Ordinance (Cap 375). It emerged out of a research project carried out in 1997, the research covered the four traditional Maasai pastoralist districts of Kiteto, Monduli, Ngorongoro and Simanjiro in Northern Tanzania. The project, titled Pastoralist Research and Development Project (PARDEP) resulted a need to establish a permanent body mandated to address development needs of the pastoral communities in Northern Tanzania.

Some of the core targets for which CORDS was created were to address the security of tenure for key pastoral resources such as land, grazing, water and mineral resources; improved animal health and inclusion of pastoral communities in social development processes.
Currently CORD works in the districts of Kiteto, Simanjiro in Manyara region and Monduli, Longido and Arumeru in Arusha region. After its registration as an NGO, CORDS initiated a set of activities that evolved out of felt needs of the local communities generated through a participatory approach. Such interventions addressed land demarcation and certification, land use planning, livestock development and women development.


CORD has been implementing five main programs which have a set of targets, objectives and activities which support and complement each other. They all build and contribute to CORD core goal that aims at enhancing security of resource tenure and management of the natural resources for the pastoral Maasai communities in northern Tanzania. CORD coordination and institutional development unit provides the necessary managerial systems and skills needed for the implementation of programmed activities.

These programs are highlighted below:

Pastoral Land Rights Protection Program:
The main aim of the land rights program is to improve the living standards of the pastoral communities through demarcation, mapping, certification, collective titling of key pastoral resource and facilitating the security of a livelihoods of their own choice i.e. pastoralism.

Pastoral Resource Utilization and Management Program:
The primary goal of the program is to empower communities and enable them to govern their key natural resources, which will lead to optimal resource use and sustainable development.